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* Linux INET6 implementation
* Authors:
* Pedro Roque <>
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
#ifndef _NET_IPV6_H
#define _NET_IPV6_H
#include <linux/ipv6.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <net/if_inet6.h>
#include <net/ndisc.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
#include <net/snmp.h>
#define SIN6_LEN_RFC2133 24
#define IPV6_MAXPLEN 65535
* NextHeader field of IPv6 header
#define NEXTHDR_HOP 0 /* Hop-by-hop option header. */
#define NEXTHDR_TCP 6 /* TCP segment. */
#define NEXTHDR_UDP 17 /* UDP message. */
#define NEXTHDR_IPV6 41 /* IPv6 in IPv6 */
#define NEXTHDR_ROUTING 43 /* Routing header. */
#define NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT 44 /* Fragmentation/reassembly header. */
#define NEXTHDR_ESP 50 /* Encapsulating security payload. */
#define NEXTHDR_AUTH 51 /* Authentication header. */
#define NEXTHDR_ICMP 58 /* ICMP for IPv6. */
#define NEXTHDR_NONE 59 /* No next header */
#define NEXTHDR_DEST 60 /* Destination options header. */
#define NEXTHDR_MOBILITY 135 /* Mobility header. */
#define NEXTHDR_MAX 255
* Addr type
* type - unicast | multicast
* scope - local | site | global
* v4 - compat
* v4mapped
* any
* loopback
#define IPV6_ADDR_ANY 0x0000U
#define IPV6_ADDR_UNICAST 0x0001U
#define IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST 0x0002U
#define IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK 0x0010U
#define IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL 0x0020U
#define IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL 0x0040U
#define IPV6_ADDR_COMPATv4 0x0080U
#define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK 0x00f0U
#define IPV6_ADDR_MAPPED 0x1000U
* Addr scopes
#define IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(a) \
((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x0f) /* nonstandard */
* Addr flags
((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x10)
((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x20)
((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x40)
* fragmentation header
struct frag_hdr {
__u8 nexthdr;
__u8 reserved;
__be16 frag_off;
__be32 identification;
#define IP6_MF 0x0001
#include <net/sock.h>
/* sysctls */
extern int sysctl_mld_max_msf;
extern struct ctl_path net_ipv6_ctl_path[];
#define _DEVINC(net, statname, modifier, idev, field) \
({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_INC_STATS##modifier((_idev)->stats.statname, (field)); \
SNMP_INC_STATS##modifier((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\
/* per device counters are atomic_long_t */
#define _DEVINCATOMIC(net, statname, modifier, idev, field) \
({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((_idev)->stats.statname##dev, (field)); \
SNMP_INC_STATS##modifier((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\
#define _DEVADD(net, statname, modifier, idev, field, val) \
({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_ADD_STATS##modifier((_idev)->stats.statname, (field), (val)); \
SNMP_ADD_STATS##modifier((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field), (val));\
#define _DEVUPD(net, statname, modifier, idev, field, val) \
({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS##modifier((_idev)->stats.statname, field, (val)); \
SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS##modifier((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, field, (val));\
/* MIBs */
#define IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev,field) \
_DEVINC(net, ipv6, 64, idev, field)
#define IP6_INC_STATS_BH(net, idev,field) \
_DEVINC(net, ipv6, 64_BH, idev, field)
#define IP6_ADD_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \
_DEVADD(net, ipv6, 64, idev, field, val)
#define IP6_ADD_STATS_BH(net, idev,field,val) \
_DEVADD(net, ipv6, 64_BH, idev, field, val)
#define IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \
_DEVUPD(net, ipv6, 64, idev, field, val)
#define IP6_UPD_PO_STATS_BH(net, idev,field,val) \
_DEVUPD(net, ipv6, 64_BH, idev, field, val)
#define ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \
_DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, , idev, field)
#define ICMP6_INC_STATS_BH(net, idev, field) \
_DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, _BH, idev, field)
#define ICMP6MSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \
_DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, , idev, field +256)
#define ICMP6MSGOUT_INC_STATS_BH(net, idev, field) \
_DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, _BH, idev, field +256)
#define ICMP6MSGIN_INC_STATS_BH(net, idev, field) \
_DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, _BH, idev, field)
struct ip6_ra_chain {
struct ip6_ra_chain *next;
struct sock *sk;
int sel;
void (*destructor)(struct sock *);
extern struct ip6_ra_chain *ip6_ra_chain;
extern rwlock_t ip6_ra_lock;
This structure is prepared by protocol, when parsing
ancillary data and passed to IPv6.
struct ipv6_txoptions {
/* Length of this structure */
int tot_len;
/* length of extension headers */
__u16 opt_flen; /* after fragment hdr */
__u16 opt_nflen; /* before fragment hdr */
struct ipv6_opt_hdr *hopopt;
struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst0opt;
struct ipv6_rt_hdr *srcrt; /* Routing Header */
struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst1opt;
/* Option buffer, as read by IPV6_PKTOPTIONS, starts here. */
struct ip6_flowlabel {
struct ip6_flowlabel *next;
__be32 label;
atomic_t users;
struct in6_addr dst;
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt;
unsigned long linger;
u8 share;
u32 owner;
unsigned long lastuse;
unsigned long expires;
struct net *fl_net;
#define IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x0FFFFFFF)
#define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x000FFFFF)
struct ipv6_fl_socklist {
struct ipv6_fl_socklist *next;
struct ip6_flowlabel *fl;
extern struct ip6_flowlabel *fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, __be32 label);
extern struct ipv6_txoptions *fl6_merge_options(struct ipv6_txoptions * opt_space,
struct ip6_flowlabel * fl,
struct ipv6_txoptions * fopt);
extern void fl6_free_socklist(struct sock *sk);
extern int ipv6_flowlabel_opt(struct sock *sk, char __user *optval, int optlen);
extern int ip6_flowlabel_init(void);
extern void ip6_flowlabel_cleanup(void);
static inline void fl6_sock_release(struct ip6_flowlabel *fl)
if (fl)
extern int ip6_ra_control(struct sock *sk, int sel);
extern int ipv6_parse_hopopts(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern struct ipv6_txoptions * ipv6_dup_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt);
extern struct ipv6_txoptions * ipv6_renew_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
int newtype,
struct ipv6_opt_hdr __user *newopt,
int newoptlen);
struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_fixup_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt);
extern int ipv6_opt_accepted(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb);
int ip6_frag_nqueues(struct net *net);
int ip6_frag_mem(struct net *net);
#define IPV6_FRAG_HIGH_THRESH (256 * 1024) /* 262144 */
#define IPV6_FRAG_LOW_THRESH (192 * 1024) /* 196608 */
#define IPV6_FRAG_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) /* 60 seconds */
extern int __ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr);
static inline int ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr)
return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & 0xffff;
static inline int ipv6_addr_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr)
return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK;
static inline int __ipv6_addr_src_scope(int type)
return (type == IPV6_ADDR_ANY) ? __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID : (type >> 16);
static inline int ipv6_addr_src_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr)
return __ipv6_addr_src_scope(__ipv6_addr_type(addr));
static inline int ipv6_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2)
return memcmp(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr));
static inline int
ipv6_masked_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *m,
const struct in6_addr *a2)
return !!(((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) & m->s6_addr32[0]) |
((a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) & m->s6_addr32[1]) |
((a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) & m->s6_addr32[2]) |
((a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3]) & m->s6_addr32[3]));
static inline void ipv6_addr_copy(struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2)
memcpy(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr));
static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix(struct in6_addr *pfx,
const struct in6_addr *addr,
int plen)
/* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */
int o = plen >> 3,
b = plen & 0x7;
memset(pfx->s6_addr, 0, sizeof(pfx->s6_addr));
memcpy(pfx->s6_addr, addr, o);
if (b != 0)
pfx->s6_addr[o] = addr->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b);
static inline void ipv6_addr_set(struct in6_addr *addr,
__be32 w1, __be32 w2,
__be32 w3, __be32 w4)
addr->s6_addr32[0] = w1;
addr->s6_addr32[1] = w2;
addr->s6_addr32[2] = w3;
addr->s6_addr32[3] = w4;
static inline int ipv6_addr_equal(const struct in6_addr *a1,
const struct in6_addr *a2)
return ((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) |
(a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) |
(a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) |
(a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3])) == 0;
static inline int __ipv6_prefix_equal(const __be32 *a1, const __be32 *a2,
unsigned int prefixlen)
unsigned pdw, pbi;
/* check complete u32 in prefix */
pdw = prefixlen >> 5;
if (pdw && memcmp(a1, a2, pdw << 2))
return 0;
/* check incomplete u32 in prefix */
pbi = prefixlen & 0x1f;
if (pbi && ((a1[pdw] ^ a2[pdw]) & htonl((0xffffffff) << (32 - pbi))))
return 0;
return 1;
static inline int ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *a1,
const struct in6_addr *a2,
unsigned int prefixlen)
return __ipv6_prefix_equal(a1->s6_addr32, a2->s6_addr32,
struct inet_frag_queue;
enum ip6_defrag_users {
struct ip6_create_arg {
__be32 id;
u32 user;
const struct in6_addr *src;
const struct in6_addr *dst;
void ip6_frag_init(struct inet_frag_queue *q, void *a);
int ip6_frag_match(struct inet_frag_queue *q, void *a);
static inline int ipv6_addr_any(const struct in6_addr *a)
return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] |
a->s6_addr32[2] | a->s6_addr32[3]) == 0;
static inline int ipv6_addr_loopback(const struct in6_addr *a)
return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] |
a->s6_addr32[2] | (a->s6_addr32[3] ^ htonl(1))) == 0;
static inline int ipv6_addr_v4mapped(const struct in6_addr *a)
return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] |
(a->s6_addr32[2] ^ htonl(0x0000ffff))) == 0;
* Check for a RFC 4843 ORCHID address
* (Overlay Routable Cryptographic Hash Identifiers)
static inline int ipv6_addr_orchid(const struct in6_addr *a)
return (a->s6_addr32[0] & htonl(0xfffffff0)) == htonl(0x20010010);
static inline void ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(const __be32 addr,
struct in6_addr *v4mapped)
0, 0,
* find the first different bit between two addresses
* length of address must be a multiple of 32bits
static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen)
const __be32 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2;
int i;
addrlen >>= 2;
for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) {
__be32 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i];
if (xb)
return i * 32 + 31 - __fls(ntohl(xb));
* we should *never* get to this point since that
* would mean the addrs are equal
* However, we do get to it 8) And exacly, when
* addresses are equal 8)
* ip route add 1111::/128 via ...
* ip route add 1111::/64 via ...
* and we are here.
* Ideally, this function should stop comparison
* at prefix length. It does not, but it is still OK,
* if returned value is greater than prefix length.
* --ANK (980803)
return addrlen << 5;
static inline int ipv6_addr_diff(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2)
return __ipv6_addr_diff(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr));
extern void ipv6_select_ident(struct frag_hdr *fhdr, struct rt6_info *rt);
* Prototypes exported by ipv6
* rcv function (called from netdevice level)
extern int ipv6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct net_device *dev,
struct packet_type *pt,
struct net_device *orig_dev);
extern int ip6_rcv_finish(struct sk_buff *skb);
* upper-layer output functions
extern int ip6_xmit(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct flowi6 *fl6,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt);
extern int ip6_nd_hdr(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct net_device *dev,
const struct in6_addr *saddr,
const struct in6_addr *daddr,
int proto, int len);
extern int ip6_find_1stfragopt(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 **nexthdr);
extern int ip6_append_data(struct sock *sk,
int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb),
void *from,
int length,
int transhdrlen,
int hlimit,
int tclass,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
struct flowi6 *fl6,
struct rt6_info *rt,
unsigned int flags,
int dontfrag);
extern int ip6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk);
extern void ip6_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk);
extern int ip6_dst_lookup(struct sock *sk,
struct dst_entry **dst,
struct flowi6 *fl6);
extern struct dst_entry * ip6_dst_lookup_flow(struct sock *sk,
struct flowi6 *fl6,
const struct in6_addr *final_dst,
bool can_sleep);
extern struct dst_entry * ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow(struct sock *sk,
struct flowi6 *fl6,
const struct in6_addr *final_dst,
bool can_sleep);
extern struct dst_entry * ip6_blackhole_route(struct net *net,
struct dst_entry *orig_dst);
* skb processing functions
extern int ip6_output(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_forward(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_input(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_mc_input(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int __ip6_local_out(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_local_out(struct sk_buff *skb);
* Extension header (options) processing
extern void ipv6_push_nfrag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
u8 *proto,
struct in6_addr **daddr_p);
extern void ipv6_push_frag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
u8 *proto);
extern int ipv6_skip_exthdr(const struct sk_buff *, int start,
u8 *nexthdrp);
extern int ipv6_ext_hdr(u8 nexthdr);
extern int ipv6_find_tlv(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int type);
extern struct in6_addr *fl6_update_dst(struct flowi6 *fl6,
const struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
struct in6_addr *orig);
* socket options (ipv6_sockglue.c)
extern int ipv6_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
unsigned int optlen);
extern int ipv6_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
extern int compat_ipv6_setsockopt(struct sock *sk,
int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
unsigned int optlen);
extern int compat_ipv6_getsockopt(struct sock *sk,
int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
extern int ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk,
struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len);
extern int ipv6_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len);
extern int ipv6_recv_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len);
extern void ipv6_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, __be16 port,
u32 info, u8 *payload);
extern void ipv6_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 info);
extern void ipv6_local_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 mtu);
extern int inet6_release(struct socket *sock);
extern int inet6_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr,
int addr_len);
extern int inet6_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr,
int *uaddr_len, int peer);
extern int inet6_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg);
extern int inet6_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row,
struct sock *sk);
* reassembly.c
extern const struct proto_ops inet6_stream_ops;
extern const struct proto_ops inet6_dgram_ops;
struct group_source_req;
struct group_filter;
extern int ip6_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk,
struct group_source_req *pgsr);
extern int ip6_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf);
extern int ip6_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf,
struct group_filter __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
extern unsigned int inet6_hash_frag(__be32 id, const struct in6_addr *saddr,
const struct in6_addr *daddr, u32 rnd);
extern int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net);
extern void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net);
extern int raw6_proc_init(void);
extern void raw6_proc_exit(void);
extern int tcp6_proc_init(struct net *net);
extern void tcp6_proc_exit(struct net *net);
extern int udp6_proc_init(struct net *net);
extern void udp6_proc_exit(struct net *net);
extern int udplite6_proc_init(void);
extern void udplite6_proc_exit(void);
extern int ipv6_misc_proc_init(void);
extern void ipv6_misc_proc_exit(void);
extern int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev);
extern int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev);
static inline int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net) { return 0; }
static inline void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net) { }
static inline int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; }
static inline int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; }
extern ctl_table ipv6_route_table_template[];
extern ctl_table ipv6_icmp_table_template[];
extern struct ctl_table *ipv6_icmp_sysctl_init(struct net *net);
extern struct ctl_table *ipv6_route_sysctl_init(struct net *net);
extern int ipv6_sysctl_register(void);
extern void ipv6_sysctl_unregister(void);
extern int ipv6_static_sysctl_register(void);
extern void ipv6_static_sysctl_unregister(void);
#endif /* _NET_IPV6_H */