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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#include <linux/compiler.h> /* For __pure */
#include <linux/types.h> /* For u32, u64 */
#include <linux/hash.h>
* Routines for hashing strings of bytes to a 32-bit hash value.
* These hash functions are NOT GUARANTEED STABLE between kernel
* versions, architectures, or even repeated boots of the same kernel.
* (E.g. they may depend on boot-time hardware detection or be
* deliberately randomized.)
* They are also not intended to be secure against collisions caused by
* malicious inputs; much slower hash functions are required for that.
* They are optimized for pathname components, meaning short strings.
* Even if a majority of files have longer names, the dynamic profile of
* pathname components skews short due to short directory names.
* (E.g. /usr/lib/
* Version 1: one byte at a time. Example of use:
* unsigned long hash = init_name_hash;
* while (*p)
* hash = partial_name_hash(tolower(*p++), hash);
* hash = end_name_hash(hash);
* Although this is designed for bytes, fs/hfsplus/unicode.c
* abuses it to hash 16-bit values.
/* Hash courtesy of the R5 hash in reiserfs modulo sign bits */
#define init_name_hash(salt) (unsigned long)(salt)
/* partial hash update function. Assume roughly 4 bits per character */
static inline unsigned long
partial_name_hash(unsigned long c, unsigned long prevhash)
return (prevhash + (c << 4) + (c >> 4)) * 11;
* Finally: cut down the number of bits to a int value (and try to avoid
* losing bits). This also has the property (wanted by the dcache)
* that the msbits make a good hash table index.
static inline unsigned int end_name_hash(unsigned long hash)
return hash_long(hash, 32);
* Version 2: One word (32 or 64 bits) at a time.
* If CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS is defined (meaning <asm/word-at-a-time.h>
* exists, which describes major Linux platforms like x86 and ARM), then
* this computes a different hash function much faster.
* If not set, this falls back to a wrapper around the preceding.
extern unsigned int __pure full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *, unsigned int);
* A hash_len is a u64 with the hash of a string in the low
* half and the length in the high half.
#define hashlen_hash(hashlen) ((u32)(hashlen))
#define hashlen_len(hashlen) ((u32)((hashlen) >> 32))
#define hashlen_create(hash, len) ((u64)(len)<<32 | (u32)(hash))
/* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */
extern u64 __pure hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name);
#endif /* __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H */