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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
* Generic RTC interface.
* This version contains the part of the user interface to the Real Time Clock
* service. It is used with both the legacy mc146818 and also EFI
* Struct rtc_time and first 12 ioctl by Paul Gortmaker, 1996 - separated out
* from <linux/mc146818rtc.h> to this file for 2.4 kernels.
* Copyright (C) 1999 Hewlett-Packard Co.
* Copyright (C) 1999 Stephane Eranian <>
#ifndef _LINUX_RTC_H_
#define _LINUX_RTC_H_
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/nvmem-provider.h>
#include <uapi/linux/rtc.h>
extern int rtc_month_days(unsigned int month, unsigned int year);
extern int rtc_year_days(unsigned int day, unsigned int month, unsigned int year);
extern int rtc_valid_tm(struct rtc_time *tm);
extern time64_t rtc_tm_to_time64(struct rtc_time *tm);
extern void rtc_time64_to_tm(time64_t time, struct rtc_time *tm);
ktime_t rtc_tm_to_ktime(struct rtc_time tm);
struct rtc_time rtc_ktime_to_tm(ktime_t kt);
* rtc_tm_sub - Return the difference in seconds.
static inline time64_t rtc_tm_sub(struct rtc_time *lhs, struct rtc_time *rhs)
return rtc_tm_to_time64(lhs) - rtc_tm_to_time64(rhs);
static inline void rtc_time_to_tm(unsigned long time, struct rtc_time *tm)
rtc_time64_to_tm(time, tm);
static inline int rtc_tm_to_time(struct rtc_time *tm, unsigned long *time)
*time = rtc_tm_to_time64(tm);
return 0;
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/timerqueue.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
extern struct class *rtc_class;
* For these RTC methods the device parameter is the physical device
* on whatever bus holds the hardware (I2C, Platform, SPI, etc), which
* was passed to rtc_device_register(). Its driver_data normally holds
* device state, including the rtc_device pointer for the RTC.
* Most of these methods are called with rtc_device.ops_lock held,
* through the rtc_*(struct rtc_device *, ...) calls.
* The (current) exceptions are mostly filesystem hooks:
* - the proc() hook for procfs
* - non-ioctl() chardev hooks: open(), release(), read_callback()
* REVISIT those periodic irq calls *do* have ops_lock when they're
* issued through ioctl() ...
struct rtc_class_ops {
int (*ioctl)(struct device *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
int (*read_time)(struct device *, struct rtc_time *);
int (*set_time)(struct device *, struct rtc_time *);
int (*read_alarm)(struct device *, struct rtc_wkalrm *);
int (*set_alarm)(struct device *, struct rtc_wkalrm *);
int (*proc)(struct device *, struct seq_file *);
int (*set_mmss64)(struct device *, time64_t secs);
int (*set_mmss)(struct device *, unsigned long secs);
int (*read_callback)(struct device *, int data);
int (*alarm_irq_enable)(struct device *, unsigned int enabled);
int (*read_offset)(struct device *, long *offset);
int (*set_offset)(struct device *, long offset);
struct rtc_timer {
struct timerqueue_node node;
ktime_t period;
void (*func)(void *private_data);
void *private_data;
int enabled;
/* flags */
#define RTC_DEV_BUSY 0
struct rtc_device {
struct device dev;
struct module *owner;
int id;
const struct rtc_class_ops *ops;
struct mutex ops_lock;
struct cdev char_dev;
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long irq_data;
spinlock_t irq_lock;
wait_queue_head_t irq_queue;
struct fasync_struct *async_queue;
int irq_freq;
int max_user_freq;
struct timerqueue_head timerqueue;
struct rtc_timer aie_timer;
struct rtc_timer uie_rtctimer;
struct hrtimer pie_timer; /* sub second exp, so needs hrtimer */
int pie_enabled;
struct work_struct irqwork;
/* Some hardware can't support UIE mode */
int uie_unsupported;
/* Number of nsec it takes to set the RTC clock. This influences when
* the set ops are called. An offset:
* - of 0.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 9.5 s
* - of 1.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 8.5 s
* - of -0.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 10.5 s
long set_offset_nsec;
bool registered;
struct nvmem_device *nvmem;
/* Old ABI support */
bool nvram_old_abi;
struct bin_attribute *nvram;
time64_t range_min;
timeu64_t range_max;
time64_t start_secs;
time64_t offset_secs;
bool set_start_time;
struct work_struct uie_task;
struct timer_list uie_timer;
/* Those fields are protected by rtc->irq_lock */
unsigned int oldsecs;
unsigned int uie_irq_active:1;
unsigned int stop_uie_polling:1;
unsigned int uie_task_active:1;
unsigned int uie_timer_active:1;
#define to_rtc_device(d) container_of(d, struct rtc_device, dev)
/* useful timestamps */
#define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_1900 -2208989361LL /* 1900-01-01 00:00:00 */
#define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_2000 946684800LL /* 2000-01-01 00:00:00 */
#define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2099 4102444799LL /* 2099-12-31 23:59:59 */
extern struct rtc_device *rtc_device_register(const char *name,
struct device *dev,
const struct rtc_class_ops *ops,
struct module *owner);
extern struct rtc_device *devm_rtc_device_register(struct device *dev,
const char *name,
const struct rtc_class_ops *ops,
struct module *owner);
struct rtc_device *devm_rtc_allocate_device(struct device *dev);
int __rtc_register_device(struct module *owner, struct rtc_device *rtc);
extern void rtc_device_unregister(struct rtc_device *rtc);
extern void devm_rtc_device_unregister(struct device *dev,
struct rtc_device *rtc);
extern int rtc_read_time(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_time *tm);
extern int rtc_set_time(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_time *tm);
extern int rtc_set_ntp_time(struct timespec64 now, unsigned long *target_nsec);
int __rtc_read_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alarm);
extern int rtc_read_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc,
struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm);
extern int rtc_set_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc,
struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm);
extern int rtc_initialize_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc,
struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm);
extern void rtc_update_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc,
unsigned long num, unsigned long events);
extern struct rtc_device *rtc_class_open(const char *name);
extern void rtc_class_close(struct rtc_device *rtc);
extern int rtc_irq_set_state(struct rtc_device *rtc, int enabled);
extern int rtc_irq_set_freq(struct rtc_device *rtc, int freq);
extern int rtc_update_irq_enable(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled);
extern int rtc_alarm_irq_enable(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled);
extern int rtc_dev_update_irq_enable_emul(struct rtc_device *rtc,
unsigned int enabled);
void rtc_handle_legacy_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc, int num, int mode);
void rtc_aie_update_irq(void *private);
void rtc_uie_update_irq(void *private);
enum hrtimer_restart rtc_pie_update_irq(struct hrtimer *timer);
void rtc_timer_init(struct rtc_timer *timer, void (*f)(void *p), void *data);
int rtc_timer_start(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_timer *timer,
ktime_t expires, ktime_t period);
void rtc_timer_cancel(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_timer *timer);
int rtc_read_offset(struct rtc_device *rtc, long *offset);
int rtc_set_offset(struct rtc_device *rtc, long offset);
void rtc_timer_do_work(struct work_struct *work);
static inline bool is_leap_year(unsigned int year)
return (!(year % 4) && (year % 100)) || !(year % 400);
/* Determine if we can call to driver to set the time. Drivers can only be
* called to set a second aligned time value, and the field set_offset_nsec
* specifies how far away from the second aligned time to call the driver.
* This also computes 'to_set' which is the time we are trying to set, and has
* a zero in tv_nsecs, such that:
* to_set - set_delay_nsec == now +/- FUZZ
static inline bool rtc_tv_nsec_ok(s64 set_offset_nsec,
struct timespec64 *to_set,
const struct timespec64 *now)
/* Allowed error in tv_nsec, arbitarily set to 5 jiffies in ns. */
const unsigned long TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ = TICK_NSEC * 5;
struct timespec64 delay = {.tv_sec = 0,
.tv_nsec = set_offset_nsec};
*to_set = timespec64_add(*now, delay);
if (to_set->tv_nsec < TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ) {
to_set->tv_nsec = 0;
return true;
if (to_set->tv_nsec > NSEC_PER_SEC - TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ) {
to_set->tv_nsec = 0;
return true;
return false;
#define rtc_register_device(device) \
__rtc_register_device(THIS_MODULE, device)
extern int rtc_hctosys_ret;
#define rtc_hctosys_ret -ENODEV
int rtc_nvmem_register(struct rtc_device *rtc,
struct nvmem_config *nvmem_config);
void rtc_nvmem_unregister(struct rtc_device *rtc);
static inline int rtc_nvmem_register(struct rtc_device *rtc,
struct nvmem_config *nvmem_config)
return 0;
static inline void rtc_nvmem_unregister(struct rtc_device *rtc) {}
#endif /* _LINUX_RTC_H_ */