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* Copyright (c) 1999-2002 Vojtech Pavlik
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
* the Free Software Foundation.
#ifndef _INPUT_H
#define _INPUT_H
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <uapi/linux/input.h>
/* Implementation details, userspace should not care about these */
* In-kernel definitions.
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
* struct input_value - input value representation
* @type: type of value (EV_KEY, EV_ABS, etc)
* @code: the value code
* @value: the value
struct input_value {
__u16 type;
__u16 code;
__s32 value;
* struct input_dev - represents an input device
* @name: name of the device
* @phys: physical path to the device in the system hierarchy
* @uniq: unique identification code for the device (if device has it)
* @id: id of the device (struct input_id)
* @propbit: bitmap of device properties and quirks
* @evbit: bitmap of types of events supported by the device (EV_KEY,
* EV_REL, etc.)
* @keybit: bitmap of keys/buttons this device has
* @relbit: bitmap of relative axes for the device
* @absbit: bitmap of absolute axes for the device
* @mscbit: bitmap of miscellaneous events supported by the device
* @ledbit: bitmap of leds present on the device
* @sndbit: bitmap of sound effects supported by the device
* @ffbit: bitmap of force feedback effects supported by the device
* @swbit: bitmap of switches present on the device
* @hint_events_per_packet: average number of events generated by the
* device in a packet (between EV_SYN/SYN_REPORT events). Used by
* event handlers to estimate size of the buffer needed to hold
* events.
* @keycodemax: size of keycode table
* @keycodesize: size of elements in keycode table
* @keycode: map of scancodes to keycodes for this device
* @getkeycode: optional legacy method to retrieve current keymap.
* @setkeycode: optional method to alter current keymap, used to implement
* sparse keymaps. If not supplied default mechanism will be used.
* The method is being called while holding event_lock and thus must
* not sleep
* @ff: force feedback structure associated with the device if device
* supports force feedback effects
* @repeat_key: stores key code of the last key pressed; used to implement
* software autorepeat
* @timer: timer for software autorepeat
* @rep: current values for autorepeat parameters (delay, rate)
* @mt: pointer to multitouch state
* @absinfo: array of &struct input_absinfo elements holding information
* about absolute axes (current value, min, max, flat, fuzz,
* resolution)
* @key: reflects current state of device's keys/buttons
* @led: reflects current state of device's LEDs
* @snd: reflects current state of sound effects
* @sw: reflects current state of device's switches
* @open: this method is called when the very first user calls
* input_open_device(). The driver must prepare the device
* to start generating events (start polling thread,
* request an IRQ, submit URB, etc.)
* @close: this method is called when the very last user calls
* input_close_device().
* @flush: purges the device. Most commonly used to get rid of force
* feedback effects loaded into the device when disconnecting
* from it
* @event: event handler for events sent _to_ the device, like EV_LED
* or EV_SND. The device is expected to carry out the requested
* action (turn on a LED, play sound, etc.) The call is protected
* by @event_lock and must not sleep
* @grab: input handle that currently has the device grabbed (via
* EVIOCGRAB ioctl). When a handle grabs a device it becomes sole
* recipient for all input events coming from the device
* @event_lock: this spinlock is taken when input core receives
* and processes a new event for the device (in input_event()).
* Code that accesses and/or modifies parameters of a device
* (such as keymap or absmin, absmax, absfuzz, etc.) after device
* has been registered with input core must take this lock.
* @mutex: serializes calls to open(), close() and flush() methods
* @users: stores number of users (input handlers) that opened this
* device. It is used by input_open_device() and input_close_device()
* to make sure that dev->open() is only called when the first
* user opens device and dev->close() is called when the very
* last user closes the device
* @going_away: marks devices that are in a middle of unregistering and
* causes input_open_device*() fail with -ENODEV.
* @dev: driver model's view of this device
* @h_list: list of input handles associated with the device. When
* accessing the list dev->mutex must be held
* @node: used to place the device onto input_dev_list
* @num_vals: number of values queued in the current frame
* @max_vals: maximum number of values queued in a frame
* @vals: array of values queued in the current frame
* @devres_managed: indicates that devices is managed with devres framework
* and needs not be explicitly unregistered or freed.
struct input_dev {
const char *name;
const char *phys;
const char *uniq;
struct input_id id;
unsigned long propbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(INPUT_PROP_CNT)];
unsigned long evbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(EV_CNT)];
unsigned long keybit[BITS_TO_LONGS(KEY_CNT)];
unsigned long relbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(REL_CNT)];
unsigned long absbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(ABS_CNT)];
unsigned long mscbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(MSC_CNT)];
unsigned long ledbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(LED_CNT)];
unsigned long sndbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(SND_CNT)];
unsigned long ffbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(FF_CNT)];
unsigned long swbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(SW_CNT)];
unsigned int hint_events_per_packet;
unsigned int keycodemax;
unsigned int keycodesize;
void *keycode;
int (*setkeycode)(struct input_dev *dev,
const struct input_keymap_entry *ke,
unsigned int *old_keycode);
int (*getkeycode)(struct input_dev *dev,
struct input_keymap_entry *ke);
struct ff_device *ff;
unsigned int repeat_key;
struct timer_list timer;
int rep[REP_CNT];
struct input_mt *mt;
struct input_absinfo *absinfo;
unsigned long key[BITS_TO_LONGS(KEY_CNT)];
unsigned long led[BITS_TO_LONGS(LED_CNT)];
unsigned long snd[BITS_TO_LONGS(SND_CNT)];
unsigned long sw[BITS_TO_LONGS(SW_CNT)];
int (*open)(struct input_dev *dev);
void (*close)(struct input_dev *dev);
int (*flush)(struct input_dev *dev, struct file *file);
int (*event)(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value);
struct input_handle __rcu *grab;
spinlock_t event_lock;
struct mutex mutex;
unsigned int users;
bool going_away;
struct device dev;
struct list_head h_list;
struct list_head node;
unsigned int num_vals;
unsigned int max_vals;
struct input_value *vals;
bool devres_managed;
#define to_input_dev(d) container_of(d, struct input_dev, dev)
* Verify that we are in sync with input_device_id mod_devicetable.h #defines
#error "EV_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_EV_MAX do not match"
#error "KEY_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_KEY_MAX do not match"
#error "REL_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_REL_MAX do not match"
#error "ABS_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_ABS_MAX do not match"
#error "MSC_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_MSC_MAX do not match"
#error "LED_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_LED_MAX do not match"
#error "SND_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_SND_MAX do not match"
#error "FF_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_FF_MAX do not match"
#error "SW_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_SW_MAX do not match"
#error "INPUT_PROP_MAX and INPUT_DEVICE_ID_PROP_MAX do not match"
struct input_handle;
* struct input_handler - implements one of interfaces for input devices
* @private: driver-specific data
* @event: event handler. This method is being called by input core with
* interrupts disabled and dev->event_lock spinlock held and so
* it may not sleep
* @events: event sequence handler. This method is being called by
* input core with interrupts disabled and dev->event_lock
* spinlock held and so it may not sleep
* @filter: similar to @event; separates normal event handlers from
* "filters".
* @match: called after comparing device's id with handler's id_table
* to perform fine-grained matching between device and handler
* @connect: called when attaching a handler to an input device
* @disconnect: disconnects a handler from input device
* @start: starts handler for given handle. This function is called by
* input core right after connect() method and also when a process
* that "grabbed" a device releases it
* @legacy_minors: set to %true by drivers using legacy minor ranges
* @minor: beginning of range of 32 legacy minors for devices this driver
* can provide
* @name: name of the handler, to be shown in /proc/bus/input/handlers
* @id_table: pointer to a table of input_device_ids this driver can
* handle
* @h_list: list of input handles associated with the handler
* @node: for placing the driver onto input_handler_list
* Input handlers attach to input devices and create input handles. There
* are likely several handlers attached to any given input device at the
* same time. All of them will get their copy of input event generated by
* the device.
* The very same structure is used to implement input filters. Input core
* allows filters to run first and will not pass event to regular handlers
* if any of the filters indicate that the event should be filtered (by
* returning %true from their filter() method).
* Note that input core serializes calls to connect() and disconnect()
* methods.
struct input_handler {
void *private;
void (*event)(struct input_handle *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value);
void (*events)(struct input_handle *handle,
const struct input_value *vals, unsigned int count);
bool (*filter)(struct input_handle *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value);
bool (*match)(struct input_handler *handler, struct input_dev *dev);
int (*connect)(struct input_handler *handler, struct input_dev *dev, const struct input_device_id *id);
void (*disconnect)(struct input_handle *handle);
void (*start)(struct input_handle *handle);
bool legacy_minors;
int minor;
const char *name;
const struct input_device_id *id_table;
struct list_head h_list;
struct list_head node;
* struct input_handle - links input device with an input handler
* @private: handler-specific data
* @open: counter showing whether the handle is 'open', i.e. should deliver
* events from its device
* @name: name given to the handle by handler that created it
* @dev: input device the handle is attached to
* @handler: handler that works with the device through this handle
* @d_node: used to put the handle on device's list of attached handles
* @h_node: used to put the handle on handler's list of handles from which
* it gets events
struct input_handle {
void *private;
int open;
const char *name;
struct input_dev *dev;
struct input_handler *handler;
struct list_head d_node;
struct list_head h_node;
struct input_dev __must_check *input_allocate_device(void);
struct input_dev __must_check *devm_input_allocate_device(struct device *);
void input_free_device(struct input_dev *dev);
static inline struct input_dev *input_get_device(struct input_dev *dev)
return dev ? to_input_dev(get_device(&dev->dev)) : NULL;
static inline void input_put_device(struct input_dev *dev)
if (dev)
static inline void *input_get_drvdata(struct input_dev *dev)
return dev_get_drvdata(&dev->dev);
static inline void input_set_drvdata(struct input_dev *dev, void *data)
dev_set_drvdata(&dev->dev, data);
int __must_check input_register_device(struct input_dev *);
void input_unregister_device(struct input_dev *);
void input_reset_device(struct input_dev *);
int __must_check input_register_handler(struct input_handler *);
void input_unregister_handler(struct input_handler *);
int __must_check input_get_new_minor(int legacy_base, unsigned int legacy_num,
bool allow_dynamic);
void input_free_minor(unsigned int minor);
int input_handler_for_each_handle(struct input_handler *, void *data,
int (*fn)(struct input_handle *, void *));
int input_register_handle(struct input_handle *);
void input_unregister_handle(struct input_handle *);
int input_grab_device(struct input_handle *);
void input_release_device(struct input_handle *);
int input_open_device(struct input_handle *);
void input_close_device(struct input_handle *);
int input_flush_device(struct input_handle *handle, struct file *file);
void input_event(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value);
void input_inject_event(struct input_handle *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value);
static inline void input_report_key(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int code, int value)
input_event(dev, EV_KEY, code, !!value);
static inline void input_report_rel(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int code, int value)
input_event(dev, EV_REL, code, value);
static inline void input_report_abs(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int code, int value)
input_event(dev, EV_ABS, code, value);
static inline void input_report_ff_status(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int code, int value)
input_event(dev, EV_FF_STATUS, code, value);
static inline void input_report_switch(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int code, int value)
input_event(dev, EV_SW, code, !!value);
static inline void input_sync(struct input_dev *dev)
input_event(dev, EV_SYN, SYN_REPORT, 0);
static inline void input_mt_sync(struct input_dev *dev)
input_event(dev, EV_SYN, SYN_MT_REPORT, 0);
void input_set_capability(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int type, unsigned int code);
* input_set_events_per_packet - tell handlers about the driver event rate
* @dev: the input device used by the driver
* @n_events: the average number of events between calls to input_sync()
* If the event rate sent from a device is unusually large, use this
* function to set the expected event rate. This will allow handlers
* to set up an appropriate buffer size for the event stream, in order
* to minimize information loss.
static inline void input_set_events_per_packet(struct input_dev *dev, int n_events)
dev->hint_events_per_packet = n_events;
void input_alloc_absinfo(struct input_dev *dev);
void input_set_abs_params(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int axis,
int min, int max, int fuzz, int flat);
#define INPUT_GENERATE_ABS_ACCESSORS(_suffix, _item) \
static inline int input_abs_get_##_suffix(struct input_dev *dev, \
unsigned int axis) \
{ \
return dev->absinfo ? dev->absinfo[axis]._item : 0; \
} \
static inline void input_abs_set_##_suffix(struct input_dev *dev, \
unsigned int axis, int val) \
{ \
input_alloc_absinfo(dev); \
if (dev->absinfo) \
dev->absinfo[axis]._item = val; \
int input_scancode_to_scalar(const struct input_keymap_entry *ke,
unsigned int *scancode);
int input_get_keycode(struct input_dev *dev, struct input_keymap_entry *ke);
int input_set_keycode(struct input_dev *dev,
const struct input_keymap_entry *ke);
bool input_match_device_id(const struct input_dev *dev,
const struct input_device_id *id);
void input_enable_softrepeat(struct input_dev *dev, int delay, int period);
extern struct class input_class;
* struct ff_device - force-feedback part of an input device
* @upload: Called to upload an new effect into device
* @erase: Called to erase an effect from device
* @playback: Called to request device to start playing specified effect
* @set_gain: Called to set specified gain
* @set_autocenter: Called to auto-center device
* @destroy: called by input core when parent input device is being
* destroyed
* @private: driver-specific data, will be freed automatically
* @ffbit: bitmap of force feedback capabilities truly supported by
* device (not emulated like ones in input_dev->ffbit)
* @mutex: mutex for serializing access to the device
* @max_effects: maximum number of effects supported by device
* @effects: pointer to an array of effects currently loaded into device
* @effect_owners: array of effect owners; when file handle owning
* an effect gets closed the effect is automatically erased
* Every force-feedback device must implement upload() and playback()
* methods; erase() is optional. set_gain() and set_autocenter() need
* only be implemented if driver sets up FF_GAIN and FF_AUTOCENTER
* bits.
* Note that playback(), set_gain() and set_autocenter() are called with
* dev->event_lock spinlock held and interrupts off and thus may not
* sleep.
struct ff_device {
int (*upload)(struct input_dev *dev, struct ff_effect *effect,
struct ff_effect *old);
int (*erase)(struct input_dev *dev, int effect_id);
int (*playback)(struct input_dev *dev, int effect_id, int value);
void (*set_gain)(struct input_dev *dev, u16 gain);
void (*set_autocenter)(struct input_dev *dev, u16 magnitude);
void (*destroy)(struct ff_device *);
void *private;
unsigned long ffbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(FF_CNT)];
struct mutex mutex;
int max_effects;
struct ff_effect *effects;
struct file *effect_owners[];
int input_ff_create(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int max_effects);
void input_ff_destroy(struct input_dev *dev);
int input_ff_event(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value);
int input_ff_upload(struct input_dev *dev, struct ff_effect *effect, struct file *file);
int input_ff_erase(struct input_dev *dev, int effect_id, struct file *file);
int input_ff_flush(struct input_dev *dev, struct file *file);
int input_ff_create_memless(struct input_dev *dev, void *data,
int (*play_effect)(struct input_dev *, void *, struct ff_effect *));