blob: 15d107348b9fdfb385e4fc130e222fd472098313 [file] [log] [blame]
.. _dmx-mmap:
Digital TV mmap()
dmx-mmap - Map device memory into application address space
.. warning:: this API is still experimental
.. code-block:: c
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
.. c:function:: void *mmap( void *start, size_t length, int prot, int flags, int fd, off_t offset )
:name: dmx-mmap
Map the buffer to this address in the application's address space.
When the ``MAP_FIXED`` flag is specified, ``start`` must be a
multiple of the pagesize and mmap will fail when the specified
address cannot be used. Use of this option is discouraged;
applications should just specify a ``NULL`` pointer here.
Length of the memory area to map. This must be a multiple of the
DVB packet length (188, on most drivers).
The ``prot`` argument describes the desired memory protection.
Regardless of the device type and the direction of data exchange it
should be set to ``PROT_READ`` | ``PROT_WRITE``, permitting read
and write access to image buffers. Drivers should support at least
this combination of flags.
The ``flags`` parameter specifies the type of the mapped object,
mapping options and whether modifications made to the mapped copy of
the page are private to the process or are to be shared with other
``MAP_FIXED`` requests that the driver selects no other address than
the one specified. If the specified address cannot be used,
:ref:`mmap() <dmx-mmap>` will fail. If ``MAP_FIXED`` is specified,
``start`` must be a multiple of the pagesize. Use of this option is
One of the ``MAP_SHARED`` or ``MAP_PRIVATE`` flags must be set.
``MAP_SHARED`` allows applications to share the mapped memory with
other (e. g. child-) processes.
.. note::
The Linux Digital TV applications should not set the
File descriptor returned by :ref:`open() <dmx_fopen>`.
Offset of the buffer in device memory, as returned by
:ref:`DMX_QUERYBUF` ioctl.
The :ref:`mmap() <dmx-mmap>` function asks to map ``length`` bytes starting at
``offset`` in the memory of the device specified by ``fd`` into the
application address space, preferably at address ``start``. This latter
address is a hint only, and is usually specified as 0.
Suitable length and offset parameters are queried with the
:ref:`DMX_QUERYBUF` ioctl. Buffers must be allocated with the
:ref:`DMX_REQBUFS` ioctl before they can be queried.
To unmap buffers the :ref:`munmap() <dmx-munmap>` function is used.
Return Value
On success :ref:`mmap() <dmx-mmap>` returns a pointer to the mapped buffer. On
error ``MAP_FAILED`` (-1) is returned, and the ``errno`` variable is set
appropriately. Possible error codes are:
``fd`` is not a valid file descriptor.
``fd`` is not open for reading and writing.
The ``start`` or ``length`` or ``offset`` are not suitable. (E. g.
they are too large, or not aligned on a ``PAGESIZE`` boundary.)
The ``flags`` or ``prot`` value is not supported.
No buffers have been allocated with the
:ref:`DMX_REQBUFS` ioctl.
Not enough physical or virtual memory was available to complete the