blob: 3ee64adf46358128bec5f71c9c3ed5c1aebe80d7 [file] [log] [blame]
V4L2 File handlers
struct :c:type:`v4l2_fh` provides a way to easily keep file handle specific
data that is used by the V4L2 framework.
.. attention::
New drivers must use struct :c:type:`v4l2_fh`
since it is also used to implement priority handling
The users of :c:type:`v4l2_fh` (in the V4L2 framework, not the driver) know
whether a driver uses :c:type:`v4l2_fh` as its ``file->private_data`` pointer
by testing the ``V4L2_FL_USES_V4L2_FH`` bit in :c:type:`video_device`->flags.
This bit is set whenever :c:func:`v4l2_fh_init` is called.
struct :c:type:`v4l2_fh` is allocated as a part of the driver's own file handle
structure and ``file->private_data`` is set to it in the driver's ``open()``
function by the driver.
In many cases the struct :c:type:`v4l2_fh` will be embedded in a larger
structure. In that case you should call:
#) :c:func:`v4l2_fh_init` and :c:func:`v4l2_fh_add` in ``open()``
#) :c:func:`v4l2_fh_del` and :c:func:`v4l2_fh_exit` in ``release()``
Drivers can extract their own file handle structure by using the container_of
.. code-block:: c
struct my_fh {
int blah;
struct v4l2_fh fh;
int my_open(struct file *file)
struct my_fh *my_fh;
struct video_device *vfd;
int ret;
my_fh = kzalloc(sizeof(*my_fh), GFP_KERNEL);
v4l2_fh_init(&my_fh->fh, vfd);
file->private_data = &my_fh->fh;
return 0;
int my_release(struct file *file)
struct v4l2_fh *fh = file->private_data;
struct my_fh *my_fh = container_of(fh, struct my_fh, fh);
return 0;
Below is a short description of the :c:type:`v4l2_fh` functions used:
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_init <v4l2_fh_init>`
(:c:type:`fh <v4l2_fh>`, :c:type:`vdev <video_device>`)
- Initialise the file handle. This **MUST** be performed in the driver's
:c:type:`v4l2_file_operations`->open() handler.
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_add <v4l2_fh_add>`
(:c:type:`fh <v4l2_fh>`)
- Add a :c:type:`v4l2_fh` to :c:type:`video_device` file handle list.
Must be called once the file handle is completely initialized.
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_del <v4l2_fh_del>`
(:c:type:`fh <v4l2_fh>`)
- Unassociate the file handle from :c:type:`video_device`. The file handle
exit function may now be called.
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_exit <v4l2_fh_exit>`
(:c:type:`fh <v4l2_fh>`)
- Uninitialise the file handle. After uninitialisation the :c:type:`v4l2_fh`
memory can be freed.
If struct :c:type:`v4l2_fh` is not embedded, then you can use these helper functions:
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_open <v4l2_fh_open>`
(struct file \*filp)
- This allocates a struct :c:type:`v4l2_fh`, initializes it and adds it to
the struct :c:type:`video_device` associated with the file struct.
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_release <v4l2_fh_release>`
(struct file \*filp)
- This deletes it from the struct :c:type:`video_device` associated with the
file struct, uninitialised the :c:type:`v4l2_fh` and frees it.
These two functions can be plugged into the v4l2_file_operation's ``open()``
and ``release()`` ops.
Several drivers need to do something when the first file handle is opened and
when the last file handle closes. Two helper functions were added to check
whether the :c:type:`v4l2_fh` struct is the only open filehandle of the
associated device node:
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_is_singular <v4l2_fh_is_singular>`
(:c:type:`fh <v4l2_fh>`)
- Returns 1 if the file handle is the only open file handle, else 0.
:c:func:`v4l2_fh_is_singular_file <v4l2_fh_is_singular_file>`
(struct file \*filp)
- Same, but it calls v4l2_fh_is_singular with filp->private_data.
V4L2 fh functions and data structures
.. kernel-doc:: include/media/v4l2-fh.h